Saturday June 18 was the celebration of Inti Raymie which means the celebration of the sun. The sun was once considered their God in Ecuador because of Incan background. The celebration calls for dancing, music, and rituals. We were able to witness the start of the sun ritual. The ritual had a circle of rose pedals with a small smoke fire in the middle. Dry corn borders the small fire in the middle and then is placed on the floor to resemble the sun. We witness an indigineous man spitting what looked like water into the fire as well as around the cirlce.
The first ruin we visited is Cogitambo. Cogitambo is like jaguar but with the head of fox. Cogitambo is also a god to the Incas. Most of the ruins is demolished. Once you reach the top of the hill where the ruin is placed, there is a huge view point advantage. We were able to see inside the valley of the mountains as well as the towns there.
The second ruin was the famous Ingapirca ruin. Ingapirca is the largest Inca ruin in Ecuador. It is shaped like a snake which is also a god. We saw the burial ground of 11 women in the ruin, but where not allowed to be near it. The burial ground is very sacred. Inca believe we came from this earth and so when we die, we must return our energy to the earth. We still do a ritual similar to this today, where we bury our dead into the ground. We also saw a calendar that was engraved into a large stone. The calendar only showed months, weeks, and days, no dates. Finally we reached the top of Ingapirca where a temple was held for the gods. The temple was not inhabited by any person of the Inga, but many sacrifices and worship was held here. The ruin also held a great advantage point for battle or any incoming enemies.
All through the ruins were troughs, places to hold the rain water, and plants. It was obvious the Inca were more advanced than the Spanish and Europeans, since they already figured out how to conserve clean water and get rid of sewage. All of the ruins also had the remains of the original architecture of the Inca with canary architecture on top. The canaries are other indigenous people but no one knows where they originated from.